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Three stages of land reform 1330 – 1350

In 1959, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi under pressure of the U.S. government and domestic crises was convinced that to reform economic and social issues. Accordingly, he asked the former Prime Minister Manuchehr Eqbal



 In 1959, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi under pressure of the U.S. government and domestic crises was convinced that to reform economic and social issues. Accordingly, he asked the former Prime Minister Manuchehr Eqbal to prepare a draft of land reform bill for submission to Parliament. Naturally, passed such a law would face opposition from landowners. But since Parliament was under the control of the government, the only way to save the owners was to revise and change the bill in order to make it impossible to implement. In early 1960, Parliament passed a modified version of land reform which most of them were the owners. Thus, the law provides the owner's interests. According to this law, individuals could own 400 hectares of irrigated land or 800 hectares of rainfed land. In total, the Parliament predicted some ways to prevent the realization of land reform and advocated the interests of the owners.
 
Passing such a law could create a fundamental change in social and territorial relations. As a result, socio-political crisis was likely to occur in the country. Hence, in May 1340, Ali Amini who was supported by the Americans was appointed as the prime minister to implement the land reform.
 
In Aban 1340, the king issued a decree addressed to the Prime Minister in which the new programs of the reform were explained and introduce the Amini’s government responsible for implementing them. In fact, it was Kennedy’s administration reform program; and a few months later was called the White Revolution. Land reform bill was approved on 19 Dey 1341.
 
Although the bill was only an amendment to the Act of 1339, but a new law was actually applied. The decree was the first step toward the realization of the land reform program whereby, the ownership of land being limited to a dozen six Dang or six Dang of a few tens and allow the owner to sell the surplus property to government with a certain price. Fruit garden, tea plantation, mechanization farms and endowment lands were exempted from this Act. With the passage of the law, land reform council was set up and upon the decision of the Council, the Land Reform Organization founded.
 
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